Communication : Post-electoral crisis in Côte d’Ivoire

La communication sur la crise post-électorale en Côte d’Ivoire de Doudou Sidibe, enseignant-chercheur à Novancia en négociation internationale, a été récompensée lors de la 25e conférence annuelle de l’IACM (International Association for Conflict Management) se déroulant à Cape Town (Afrique du Sud).

Sa communication dont l’intitulé complet est « Post-electoral crisis in Côte d’Ivoire : how to consolidate peace ? » a été sélectionnée pour recevoir une allocation honoraire avec une promesse de publication.

Abstract

Post-electoral Crisis in Côte d’Ivoire : How to Consolidate Peace ?

Democracy is a difficult exercise. It is an ideal that even the great nations do not always fully attain. Côte d’Ivoire, which has just experienced a violent post-electoral crisis after a number of years of political instability, is also seeking a democratic balance. The task is not impossible to achieve, but it is dependent on a lasting peace characterised by the reconciliation of all the political actors involved and of their various partisans. It will require not only a frank dialogue but also the involvement of all sectors of society, because it is Ivoirian society that has suffered, and, as we know, this crisis has ethnic, cultural and religious implications as well as political ones. In this article, we will examine the reasons – apart from President Laurent Gbagbo’s refusal to relinquish power – why the elections led to war even though they were intended to put an end to the conflict. Now that war has broken out, what lessons can be learned from this electoral crisis ? What strategies should be implemented to rise to the challenge of consolidating peace in Côte d’Ivoire ? Before replying to these questions, a brief summary of Ivoirian democracy, which contained the seeds of the conflict, will be presented.